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Judy Plantinga and Laurel J Trainor (2009)

Melody recognition by two-month-old infants

J Acoust Soc Am, 125(2):EL58-62.

Music is part of an infant's world even before birth, and caregivers around the world sing to infants. Yet, there has been little research into the musical abilities or preferences of infants younger than 5 months. In this study, the head turn preference procedure used with older infants was adapted into an eye-movement preference procedure so that the ability of 2-month-old infants to remember a short melody could be tested. The results show that with minimal familiarization, 2-month-old infants remember a short melody and can discriminate it from a similar melody.